NOW THAT negotiations with Iran over its nuclear program are at an impasse, we are once again hearing that Israel, with or without US participation, is about to bomb Iran. Such a declaration, he went on to say, would make clear that “all options are on the table” for Israel, theUnited States, and NATO.Other news reports say that Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has “all but made the decision” to attack Iran this fall. What is now at stake is not only a threat of a major war in a volatile region, but more importantly for the long run, the future of the international peacemaking process itself. Responding to the horrors of World War II, countries sought to build an international order that would ensure and maintain international peace and security. “Nothing in the present Charter shall impair the inherent right of individual or collective self-defence if an armedattack [italics added] occurs against a Member of the United Nations, until the Security Council has taken measures necessary to maintain international peace and security.” Under the strict wording of the Charter, neither Israel nor the United States would have a legal right to preemptively launch a military strike on Iran. It is time for President Obama to say “No” to the Israelis – no more military aid (now amounting to more than $3 billion a year) if they launch a military strike on Iran.

Why the world can’t tolerate a pre-emptive Israeli attack on Iran

What is now at stake is not only a threat of a major war in a volatile region, but more importantly for the long run, the future of the international peacemaking process itself.


By Michael Hager
CSM
16 August 2012


Israeli anti-war protesters, Tel Aviv, 16/08/12

NOW THAT negotiations with Iran over its nuclear program are at an impasse, we are once again hearing that Israel, with or without US participation, is about to bomb Iran.

Last Sunday, Israel’s Deputy Foreign Minister Danny Ayalon called for an international declaration that the diplomatic efforts to halt Tehran’s enrichment of uranium “have failed.”

Such a declaration, he went on to say, would make clear that “all options are on the table” for Israel, theUnited States, and NATO.

Other news reports say that Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has “all but made the decision” to attack Iran this fall.

What is now at stake is not only a threat of a major war in a volatile region, but more importantly for the long run, the future of the international peacemaking process itself.

Responding to the horrors of World War II, countries sought to build an international order that would ensure and maintain international peace and security. Signed on June 26, 1945, the United Nations Charter stated that all members shall refrain from “the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state.” At the same time, the Charter recognized as an exception the right of self-defense. Article 51 provides:

“Nothing in the present Charter shall impair the inherent right of individual or collective self-defence if an armedattack [italics added] occurs against a Member of the United Nations, until the Security Council has taken measures necessary to maintain international peace and security.”

The Charter established peacemaking procedures to prevent international disputes from becoming armed conflicts, mandating that parties to disputes seek a solution by negotiation, mediation, or other peaceful means.

Under the strict wording of the Charter, neither Israel nor the United States would have a legal right to preemptively launch a military strike on Iran. Moreover, if the US were to participate in such an attack without the approval of Congress, the president would violate US law as well as the UN Charter, which by treaty became part of US law.

Because international law is mostly defined by international practice, the so-called “Bush Doctrine” of preemptive attack has seriously compromised Article 51. Nothing in the UN Charter would justify a preemptive strike, yet George W. Bush proceeded with the 2003 “shock and awe” strikes on Iraq, based on  faulty intelligence reports  that Saddam Hussein had weapons of mass destruction.

Recall Colin Powell’s speech to the UN on February 5, 2003 in which he insisted that Iraq was harboring weapons of mass destruction, and implied that weapons capacity alone was enough to justify a preemptive strike. In the wake of 9/11, the Iraq war planners simply disregarded Article 51 as outmoded.

No wonder that Israeli planners think they have a legal carte blanche to bomb the Iranians, even if their rationale for attack rests only on an assumption that Iran is developing a nuclear bomb capacity and does intend to use it against Israel.

A key question is whether the strict “armed attack” limitation on national self-defense will remain as an effective check on governments. More fundamental is whether the UN Charter will endure as a viable mechanism for the maintenance of international peace.

To put these questions in practical terms: Do we want a world in which leaders are free to launch military attacks on other countries simply on an assumption of hostile intent and military capacity? Are we content with a lexicon that clothes aggression with the mantle of “preemptive self-defense?”

It is time for President Obama to say “No” to the Israelis – no more military aid (now amounting to more than $3 billion a year) if they launch a military strike on Iran. He should publicly and definitively rule out the possibility of US participation in a military attack on Iran.

http://www.stopwar.org.uk/index.php/iran/1783-why-the-world-cant-tolerate-a-pre-emptive-israeli-attack-on-iran

 

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About ottwf

The capitalistic and imperialistic system and its systematic aims: profit and power over others, still dominates our world and not the aims of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as 1948 agreed! After the world-economic-crisis after 1929 and the following World-War the world hat decided with agreeing the Universal Declaration of Human rights, to create a new world order; conflicts should be solved with peaceful means, not nations and their power, but the dignity of human beings around the world should be the aim of the policies and the economy, of every state and the community of states. But soon after the end of the war, when the victims and destruction were forgotten, all continued as before, with all risks, we had seen before. The split in rich an poor is getting bigger and bigger. We also overuse our global environment already, even if the big majority of mankind still lives in poverty! We are not victims, this world is men-made and be changed from men and women! It will be possible, if those, who do not want or serve (because of system-pressure) profits first, but want for themselves and everybody a life in human dignity unite and develop in a global base-democratic movement a common vision for our world, and learn, how to make this vision real. We need for it a big empowerment of many, many common men and women and their activities. Our chances are because of new communication technologies, of common languages, of the level of education and the mixture of people from different backgrounds better then ever. The occupy-movement is a good start for such a global movement. We support it and try to contribute to its success! We choose news and make comments and so try to unite people for an Occupy-Think-Tank: Its tasks: creating a news-network, self-education, working on global-reform programs and learning to organize projects for those, who are suffering. Join us, so that we can build teams for these aims for all subjects and countries as a base for the unification. We have Wan(n)Fried(en) in our name, because it means When peace and it is a modification of the name of the town our base is, in Wanfried, a small town in the middle of Germany, where we can use a former factory for our activities. Our telefon: 0049-5655-924981, mobil: 0171-9132149, email: occupy-think-tank@gmx.de
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