The United States government has made hundreds of attacks on targets in northwest Pakistan since 2004 using drones (unmanned aerial vehicles) controlled by the Central Intelligence Agency’s Special Activities Division. According to secret diplomatic cables leaked by Wikileaks, Pakistan’s Army Chief Ashfaq Parvez Kayaninot only tacitly agreed to the drone flights, but in 2008 requested Americans to increase them.[10] However, Pakistan’s Interior MinisterRehman Malik said, “drone missiles cause collateral damage. A few militants are killed, but the majority of victims are innocent citizens.” Based on extensive research, the Bureau of Investigative Journalism found that between 391 – 780 civilians were killed out of a total of between 1,658 and 2,597 and that 160 children are reported among the deaths. The Bureau also revealed that since President Obama took office at least 50 civilians were killed in follow-up strikes when they had gone to help victims and more than 20 civilians have also been attacked in deliberate strikes on funerals and mourners, tactics that have been condemned by legal experts.

Drone attacks in Pakistan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article may be too long to read and navigate comfortably. Please considersplitting content into sub-articles and/or condensing it. (February 2012)
Drone attacks in Pakistan
Part of the War on TerrorismWar in North-West PakistanWar in Afghanistan (2001–present)
Date 18 June 2004 – ongoing
(8 years, 1 month and 4 weeks)
Location FATA, Pakistan
Status Ongoing
Belligerents
Central Intelligence Agency CIA
United States Air Force U.S. Air Force[citation needed]
Afghanistan Taliban
Afghanistan Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan
Afghanistan TNSM
Afghanistan Haqqani network
 al-Qaeda
Flag of Jihad.svg Lashkar-e-Islam
Flag of Jihad.svg Foreign Mujahideen
Flag of Jihad.svg Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan
Strength
~30 UAVs[1] unknown
Casualties and losses
9 (CIA & other intel agents) Total killed: Estimated as between 1,879 and 3,240 (As of 24th July 2012)[2][3]
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The United States government has made hundreds of attacks on targets in northwest Pakistan since 2004 using drones (unmanned aerial vehicles) controlled by the Central Intelligence Agency‘s Special Activities Division.[4] These attacks are part of the United States’ War on Terrorismcampaign, seeking to defeat Taliban and Al-Qaeda militants in Pakistan.[4]Most of these attacks are on targets in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas along the Afghan border in Northwest Pakistan. These strikes have increased substantially under the Presidency of Barack Obama.[5] Some media refer to the series of attacks as a “drone war”.[6][7] The covert CIA-run program is a cause of tension between the U.S. and Pakistan.

Pakistan’s government publicly condemns these attacks, but has secretly shared intelligence with the United States[8] and also allegedly allowed the drones to operate from Shamsi Airfield in Pakistan until 21 April 2011, when 150 Americans left the base.[9] According to secret diplomatic cables leaked by Wikileaks, Pakistan’s Army Chief Ashfaq Parvez Kayaninot only tacitly agreed to the drone flights, but in 2008 requested Americans to increase them.[10] However, Pakistan’s Interior MinisterRehman Malik said, “drone missiles cause collateral damage. A few militants are killed, but the majority of victims are innocent citizens.”[11]The strikes are often linked to anti-American sentiment in Pakistan and the growing questionability of the scope and extent of CIA activities in Pakistan.

Reports of the number of militants versus civilian casualties differ.[12] In a 2009 opinion article, Daniel L. Byman of the Brookings Institution wrote that drone strikes may have killed “10 or so civilians” for every “mid- and high-ranking [al Qaeda and Taliban] leader.”[13] In contrast, the New America Foundation has estimated that 80 percent of those killed in the attacks were militants.[14] The Pakistani military has stated that most of those killed were hardcore Al-Qaeda and Taliban militants.[15] The CIA believes that the strikes conducted since May 2010 have killed over 600 militants and have not caused any civilian fatalities, a claim that experts disputed and have called absurd.[12] Based on extensive research, the Bureau of Investigative Journalism found that between 391 – 780 civilians were killed out of a total of between 1,658 and 2,597 and that 160 children are reported among the deaths. The Bureau also revealed that since President Obama took office at least 50 civilians were killed in follow-up strikes when they had gone to help victims and more than 20 civilians have also been attacked in deliberate strikes on funerals and mourners, tactics that have been condemned by legal experts.[16][17][18] Barbara Elias-Sanborn has also cautioned that, “as much of the literature on drones suggests, such killings usually harden militants’ determination to fight, stalling any potential negotiations and settlement.”[19]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drone_attacks_in_Pakistan

Drone strikes were halted in November 2011 after NATO forces killed 24 Pakistani soldiers in the Salala incident.[20] Shamsi Airfield was evacuated of Americans and taken over by the Pakistanis the next month.[21] The incident prompted an approximately two-month stop to the drone strikes, which resumed on 10 January 2012.

Contents

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[edit]Statistics

1) US Drone Strike Statistics estimate according to theNew America Foundation analysis of Newspaper articles.[2]
Year Number of
Attacks
Number Killed
Min. Max.
2004 1 4 5
2005 2 6 7
2006 2 23 23
2007 4 56 77
2008 33 274 314
2009 53 369 725
2010 118 607 993
2011 70 378 536
2012 28 162 207
Total 311 1,879 2,887

2) US Drone Strike statistic based on months of research by a team of journalists of the Bureau of Investigative Journalism:[3][16]

  • Total reported killed: 2,520 – 3,240
  • Civilians reported killed: 482 – 849
  • Children reported killed: 175
  • Total reported injured: 1,200 – 1,326
  • Strikes under the Bush Administration: 52
  • Strikes under the Obama Administration: 284
  • Total strikes: 336

[edit]US viewpoint

See also: Targeted killing

Barack Obama vastly-accelerated the drone strikes after he became US president.[22] Top US officials consider these strikes very successful and believe that the senior al-Qaeda leadership has been ‘decimated’ by these strikes.[23][24] A list of the high-ranking victims of the drones was provided to Pakistan in 2009.[25] Obama has broadened these attacks to include targets seeking to destabilize Pakistani civilian government and the attacks of 14 and 16 February 2009 were against training camps run by Baitullah Mehsud.[26] On 25 February 2009 Leon Panetta, the director of the CIA indicated the strikes will continue.[27] On 4 March 2009 The Washington Times reported that the drones were targeting Baitullah Mehsud.[28] Obama was reported in March 2009 as considering expanding these strikes to include Balochistan[29]

On 25 March 2010 US State Department legal advisor Harold Koh stated that the drone strikes were legal because of the right to self-defense. According to Koh, the US is involved in an armed conflict with al-Qaida, the Taliban, and their affiliates and therefore may use force consistent with self-defense under international law.[30]

Former CIA officials state that the agency uses a careful screening process in making decisions on which individuals to kill via drone strikes. The process, carried out at the agency’s counterterrorist center, involves up to 10 lawyers who write briefs justifying the targeting of specific individuals. According to the former officials, if the briefs’ arguments are weak, the request to target the individual is denied.[31] Since 2008 the CIA has relied less on its list of individuals and increasingly targeted “signatures,” or suspect behavior. This change in tactics has resulted in fewer deaths of high-value targets and in more deaths of lower-level fighters, or “mere foot soldiers” as the one senior Pakistani official told the Washington Post.[32]

US officials stated in March 2009 that the Predator strikes had killed nine of al-Qaeda’s 20 top commanders. The officials added that many top Taliban and al-Qaeda leaders, as a result of the strikes, had fled to Quetta or even further to Karachi.[33]

Some US politicians and academics have condemned the drone strikes. US Congressman Dennis Kucinich asserted that the United States was violating international law by carrying out strikes against a country that never attacked the United States.[34]Georgetown University professor Gary D. Solis asserts that since the drone operators at the CIA are civilians directly engaged in armed conflict, this makes them “unlawful combatants” and possibly subject to prosecution.[31]

US military reports asserted that al-Qaeda is being slowly but systematically routed because of these attacks, and that they have served to sow the seeds of uncertainty and discord among their ranks. They also claimed that the drone attacks have addled and confused the Taliban, and have led them to turn against each other.[35] In July 2009 it was reported that (according to US officials)Osama Bin Laden‘s son Saad bin Laden was believed to have been killed in a drone attack earlier in the year.[36]

During a protest against drone attacks, in an event sponsored by Nevada Desert Experience, Father Louie VitaleKathy Kelly,Stephen Kelly, SJEve TetazJohn Dear, and others were arrested outside Creech Air Force Base on Wednesday 9 April 2009.[37][38]

In May 2009 it was reported that the USA was sharing drone intelligence with Pakistan.[39] Leon Panetta reiterated on 19 May 2009 that the US intended to continue the drone attacks.[40]

In December 2009 expansion of the drone attacks was authorized by President Barack Obama to parallel the decision to send 30,000 more American troops to Afghanistan.[41] Senior US officials are reportedly pushing for extending the strikes into Quetta inBalochistan against the Quetta Shura.[42] Speaking at a news conference in Islamabad on 7 January 2010 Senators John McCainand Joe Lieberman stated the drone attacks were effective and would continue but stated that US would make greater efforts to prevent collateral damage.[43] In an effort to strengthen trust with Pakistan ‘US sharing drone surveillance data with Pakistan, saysMike Mullen ‘[44] US defence budget for 2011 asked for a 75% increase in funds to enhance the drone operations.[45]

Compare Mr. Obama’s use of drone strikes with that of his predecessor. During the Bush administration, there was an American drone attack in Pakistan every 43 days; during the first two years of the Obama administration, there was a drone strike there every four days.[46]

Peter Bergen, April 2012

The Associated Press (AP) noted that Barack Obama apparently expanded the scope and increased the aggressiveness of the drone campaign against militants in Pakistan after taking office. According to the news agency, the US increased strikes against the Pakistani Taliban, which earned favor from the Pakistani government, resulting in increased cooperation from Pakistani intelligence services. Also, the Obama administration toned down the US government’s public rhetoric against Islamic terrorism, garnering better cooperation from other Islamic governments. Furthermore, with the drawdown of the war in Iraq, more drones, support personnel, and intelligence assets became available for the campaigns in Afghanistan and Pakistan. Since Obama took office, according to the AP, the number of drones operated by the CIA over Afghanistan and Pakistan doubled.[47] A May 2010 Reuters report quoted unnamed counterterrorism officials who speculated that the Obama administration’s closure of the secret CIA interrogation centers and intent to close the Guantanamo Bay prison was a direct influence on the expansion of the drone targeted killings. According to the officials, the killings are necessary because there is no longer any place to put captured terrorists.[48]

A study called ‘The Year of the Drone” published in February 2010 by the New America Foundation found that from a total of 114 drone strikes in Pakistan between 2004 and early 2010, approximately between 834 and 1,216 individuals had been killed. About two thirds of whom were thought to be militants and one third were civilians.[2]

On 28 April 2011, president Barack Obama appointed General David Petraeus as director of the CIA overseeing the drone attacks. According to Pakistani and American officials this could further inflame relations between the two nations.[49]

According to the Washington Post, as of September 2011, around 30 Predator and Reaper drones were operating under CIA direction in the Afghanistan/Pakistan area of operations. The drones are flown by United States Air Force pilots located at an unnamed base in the United States. US Department of Defense armed drones, which also sometimes take part in strikes on terrorist targets, are flown by US Air Force pilots located at Creech Air Force Base and Holloman Air Force Base. The CIA drones are operated by an office called the Pakistan-Afghanistan Department, which operates under the CIA’s Counterterrorism Center (CTC), based at CIA’s headquarters in Langley, Virginia. As of September 2011, the CTC had about 2,000 people on staff.[1][50]

US President Obama admitted on 30 January 2012 that the US was conducting drone strikes in Pakistan. He stressed that civilian casualties in the strikes were low.[51] The Obama administration offered its first extensive explanation on drone-strike policy in April 2012, concluding that it was “legal, ethical, and wise”.[52] The CIA’s general counsel, Stephen Preston, in a speech entitled “CIA and the Rule of Law” at Harvard Law School on 10 April 2012, claimed the agency was not bound by the laws of war; in response, Human Rights Watch called for the strike program to be brought under the control of the US military.[53]

In a February 2012 poll, 83% of Americans (77% of the liberal Democrats) replied they support the drone strikes.[54] In May, the US began stepping up drone attacks after talks at the NATO summit in Chicago did not lead to the progress it desired regarding Pakistan’s continued closure of its Afghan borders to the alliance’s supply convoys.[55]

At Senator Dianne Feinstein‘s insistence, beginning in early 2010 staffs of the United States House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence and United States Senate Select Committee on Intelligence have begun reviewing each CIA drone strike. The staff members hold monthly meetings with CIA personnel involved with the drone campaign, review videos of each strike, and attempt to confirm that the strike was executed properly.[56]

[edit]Pakistani response

Shamsi airbase in 2006, reported to show three Predator drones.[57]

Pakistan has repeatedly protested these attacks as they are an infringement of itssovereignty and because civilian deaths have also resulted, including women and children, which has further angered the Pakistani government and people.[52][58][59][60]General David Petraeus was told in November 2008 that these strikes were unhelpful.[61]However on 4 October 2008 The Washington Post reported that there was a secret deal between the US and Pakistan allowing these drone attacks.[62] US Senator Dianne Feinstein said in February 2009: “As I understand it, these are flown out of a Pakistani base.”[63] Pakistani foreign minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi denied that this was true.[64]

On 28 September, a spokesman for the Pakistani army condemned Washington’s killing of Pakistani civilians and warned of retaliatory action: “Border violations by US-led forces in Afghanistan, which have killed scores of Pakistani civilians, would no longer be tolerated, and we have informed them that we reserve the right to self defense and that we will retaliate if the US continues cross-border attacks.”[65] When the Soviets were in Afghanistan, they too carried out aerial raids on Pakistani villages suspected of harboring rebel groups which caused a lot of civilian deaths.[66] During this time, the Pakistani Air Force managed to shoot down one of the Soviet aircraft that strayed into Pakistan.[67]

The British newspaper The Times stated on 18 February 2009 that the CIA was using Shamsi Airfield, 190 miles (310 km) southwest of Quetta and 30 miles (48 km) from the Afghan border, as its base for drone operations. Safar Khan, a journalist based in the area near Shamsi, told the Times, “We can see the planes flying from the base. The area around the base is a high-security zone and no one is allowed there.”[68] [68] Top US officials confirmed to Fox News Channel that Shamsi Airfield had been used by the CIA to launch the drones since 2002.[57]

The drone attacks continue, despite repeated requests made by Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari through different channels.[69][70] Baitullah Mehsud while claiming responsibility for the 2009 Lahore police academy attacks, stated that it was in retaliation for the drone attacks.[71] According to The Daily TelegraphPakistani intelligence has agreed to secretly provide information to the United States on Mehsud’s and his militants’ whereabouts while publicly the Pakistani government will continue to condemn the attacks.[72]

On 28 April 2009 Pakistan’s consul general to the US, Aqil Nadeem, asked the US to hand over control of its drones in Pakistan to his government. Said Nadeem, “Do we want to lose the war on terror or do we want to keep those weapons classified? If the American government insists on our true cooperation, then they should also be helping us in fighting those terrorists.”[73] President Zardari has also requested that Pakistan be given control over the drones but this has been rejected by the US who are worried that Pakistanis will leak information about targets to militants.[74] In December 2009 Pakistan’s Defence minister Ahmad Mukhtaracknowledged that Americans were using Shamsi Airfield but stated that Pakistan was not satisfied with payments for using the facility.[75]

In an analysis published in Daily Times on 2 January 2010 author Farhat Taj challenged the view that the local people of Waziristan were against the drone attacks. Taj states on the basis of personal interviews with people in Waziristan that the locals in Waziristan support the attacks and see the drones as their ‘liberators’ from the clutches of Taliban and Pakistan’s Intelligence agencies. She further challenged the government of Pakistan to provide accurate figures about the ‘civilian’ casualties and tell what methodology was used to collect this data. According to her ‘The people of Waziristan are suffering a brutal kind of occupation under the Taliban and al Qaeda. It is in this context that they would welcome anyone, Americans, Israelis, Indians or even the devil, to rid them of the Taliban and al Qaeda.’[76] In response to this analysis Irfan Husain writing in Dawn agreed with her assessment and called for more drone attacks. He wrote ‘We need to wake up to the reality that the enemy has grown very strong in the years we temporized and tried to do deals with them. Clearly, we need allies in this fight. Howling at the moon is not going to get us the cooperation we so desperately need. A solid case can be made for more drone attacks, not less.[77]

In December 2010 the CIA’s Station Chief in Islamabad operating under the alias Jonathan Banks was hastily pulled from the country.[78][79] Lawsuits filed by families of victims of drone strikes had named Banks as a defendant, he had been receiving death threats, and a Pakistani journalist whose brother and son died in a drone strike called for prosecuting Banks for murder.[80][81]

In March 2011 the General Officer Commanding of 7th division of Pakistani Army, Major General Ghayur Mehmood delivered a briefing “Myths and rumours about US predator strikes” in Miramshah. He said that most of those who were killed by the drone strikes were Al-qaeda and Taliban terrorists. Military’s official paper on the attacks till 7 March 2011 said that between 2007 and 2011 about 164 predator strikes had been carried out and over 964 terrorists had been killed. Those killed included 793 locals and 171 foreigners. The foreigners included Arabs, Uzbeks, Tajiks, Chechens, Filipinos and Moroccans.[15]

On 9 December 2011, Pakistan’s Army Chief Ashfaq Parvez Kayani issued a directive to shoot down US drones. A senior Pakistani military official said, “Any object entering into our air space, including U.S. drones, will be treated as hostile and be shot down.”[82]

The daily Indian newspaper The Hindu reported that Pakistan reached a secret agreement with United States to readmit the attacks of guided airplanes on its soil. According to a high western official linked with the negotiations, the pact was signed by ISI chief Lieutenant General Shuja Ahmad Pasha, and the director of the Central Intelligence Agency general David Petraeus during a meeting in Qatar January 2012. According to The Hindu, Lieutenant General Pasha also agreed to enlarge the CIA presence in Shahbaz air base, near the city of Abbottabad, where Al-Qaeda chief Osama bin Laden was terminated in May 2011.

[edit]al Qaeda response

Messages recovered from Osama bin Laden‘s home after his death in 2011, including one from then al Qaeda No. 3, Atiyah Abd al-Rahman reportedly, according to the Agence France-Presse and the Washington Post, expressed frustration with the drone strikes in Pakistan. According to an unnamed U.S. Government official, in his message al-Rahman complained that drone-launched missiles were killing al Qaeda operatives faster than they could be replaced.[83][84][85]

In June and July 2011, law enforcement authorities found messages on al Qaeda-linked websites calling for attacks against executives of drone aircraft manufacturer AeroVironment. Law enforcement believed that the messages were in response to calls for action against Americans by Adam Yahiye Gadahn.[86]

[edit]United Nations human rights concerns

On 3 June 2009, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) delivered a report sharply critical of US tactics. The report asserted that the US government has failed to keep track of civilian casualties of its military operations, including the drone attacks, and to provide means for citizens of affected nations to obtain information about the casualties and any legal inquests regarding them.[87] Any such information held by the U.S. military is allegedly inaccessible to the public due to the high level of secrecy surrounding the drone attacks program.[88] The US representative at UNHRC has argued that the UN investigator for extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions does not have jurisdiction over US military actions,[87] while another US diplomat claimed that the US military is investigating any wrongdoing and doing all it can to furnish information about the deaths.[89]

On 27 October 2009 UNHRC investigator Philip Alston called on the US to demonstrate that it was not randomly killing people in violation of international law through its use of drones on the Afghan border. Alston criticized the US’s refusal to respond to date to the UN’s concerns. Said Alston, “Otherwise you have the really problematic bottom line, which is that the Central Intelligence Agency is running a program that is killing significant numbers of people and there is absolutely no accountability in terms of the relevant international laws.”[90]

On 2 June 2010 Alston’s team released a report on its investigation into the drone strikes, criticizing the United States for being, “the most prolific user of targeted killings” in the world. Alston, however, acknowledged that the drone attacks may be justified under the right to self-defense. He called on the US to be more open about the program. Alston’s report was submitted to theUnited Nations Commission on Human Rights the following day.[91]

On June 7 2012, after a four-day visit to Pakistan, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay called for a new investigation into US drone strikes in Pakistan, repeatedly referring to the attacks as “indiscriminate,” and said that the attacks constitute human rights violations. [92] In a report issued on 18 June 2012, Christof Heyns, U.N. special rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions, called on the US’ Obama administration to justify its use of targeted assassinations rather than attempting to capture al Qaeda or Taliban suspects.[93]

[edit]Reactions from people in Waziristan

Between November 2008 and January 2009 Pakistani Aryana Institute for Regional Research and Advocacy conducted a survey of the public opinion about the drone strikes in Federally Administered Tribal Areas. 5 teams of 5 researchers each interviewed a total of 550 people from all walks of life. Most people thought that the drone attacks were accurate and did not lead to anti-American sentiment and were effective in damaging the militants.[41]

Based on the responses the researchers concluded ‘The popular notion outside the Pakhtun belt that a large majority of the local population supports the Taliban movement lacks substance’. Most people thought that the drone attacks were accurate and did not lead to anti-American sentiment and were effective in damaging the militants. In addition the locals wanted the Pakistani forces to also target the militants.[94] According to Farhat Taj a member of AIRRA the drones have never killed any civilians. Some people in Waziristan compare the drones to Ababils, the holy swallows sent by Allah to avenge Abraha, the invader of the Khana Kaaba.[95]

In an analysis published in Daily Times (Pakistan) on 2 January 2010 Farhat Taj, a research fellow at the Centre for Interdisciplinary Gender Research, University of Oslo and a member of Aryana Institute for Regional Research and Advocacy discussed the issue of drone attacks with hundreds of people of Waziristan. She claims that they see the US drone attacks as their liberators from the clutches of Islamist militiants into which, they say, their state has wilfully thrown them. She claims that estimates about civilian casualties in the US and Pakistani media are wrong because after every attack Islamist militiants cordon off the area and no one, including the local villagers, is allowed to come even near the targeted place. The militants themselves collect the bodies, bury the dead and then issue the statement that all of them were innocent civilians. However, according to the people of Waziristan, the only civilians who have been killed so far in the drone attacks are women or children of the militants in whose houses/compounds they hold meetings. But that used to happen in the past and now they don’t hold meetings at places where women and children of the militants reside. In one case when the funeral procession of an Islamist commander was hit and some civilians were killed. But after the attack people got the excuse of not attending the funeral of slain militants or offering them food.

Farhat Taj claims that locals usually appreciate drone attacks when they compare it with the Pakistan Army’s attacks, which always result in collateral damage. People said that when a drone would hover over the skies, they wouldn’t be disturbed and would carry on their usual business because they would be sure that it does not target the civilians, but the same people would run for shelter when a Pakistani jet would appear in the skies because of its indiscriminate firing. They say that even in the same compound only the exact room – where a high value target (HVT) is present – is targeted and others in the same compound are spared.[96]

In response to this analysis Irfan Husain writing in Dawn agreed with Farhat Taj’s assessment and called for more drone attacks. He wrote: “We need to wake up to the reality that the enemy has grown very strong in the years we temporized and tried to do deals with them. Clearly, we need allies in this fight. Howling at the moon is not going to get us the cooperation we so desperately need. A solid case can be made for more drone attacks, not less.”[77]

In North Waziristan, to combat the strikes, a militant group called Khorasan Mujahedin targets people suspected of being informants. After a drone strike, the group kidnaps people from the area suspected of selling information that led to the strike, tortures, then usually kills them. The torture and executions are often videotaped then sold in street markets as warnings to others.[97]

[edit]Civilian casualties

According to unnamed counterterrorism officials, in 2009 or 2010 CIA drones began employing smaller missiles in airstrikes in Pakistan in order to reduce civilian casualties. The new missiles, called the Small Smart Weapon or Scorpion, are reportedly about the size of a violin case (21 inches long) and weigh 16 kg. The missiles are used in combination with new technology intended to increase accuracy and expand surveillance, including the use of small, unarmed surveillance drones to exactly pinpoint the location of targets. These “micro-UAVs” (unmanned aerial vehicles) can be roughly the size of a pizza platter and meant to monitor potential targets at close range, for hours or days at a time. One former U.S. official who worked with micro-UAVs said that they can be almost impossible to detect at night. “It can be outside your window and you won’t hear a whisper,” the official said.[98] The drone operators also have changed to trying to target insurgents in vehicles rather than residences to reduce the chances of civilian casualties.[14]

A January 2011 report by Bloomberg stated that civilian casualties in the strikes had apparently decreased. According to the report, the U.S. Government believed that 1,300 militants and only 30 civilians had been killed in drone strikes since mid-2008, with no civilians killed since August 2010.[99]

On 14 July 2009, Daniel L. Byman of the Brookings Institution stated that although accurate data on the results of drone strikes is difficult to obtain, it seemed that ten civilians had died in the drone attacks for every militant killed. He suggested that drone strikes may kill “10 or so civilians” for every militant killed, which would represent a civilian to combatant casualty ratio of 10:1. Byman argues that civilian killings constitute a humanitarian tragedy and create dangerous political problems, including damage to the legitimacy of the Pakistani government and alienation of the Pakistani populace from America. He suggested that the real answer to halting al-Qaeda’s activity in Pakistan will be long-term support of Pakistan’s counterinsurgency efforts.[13]

United States officials claim that interviews with locals do not provide accurate numbers of civilian casualties because relatives or acquaintances of the dead refuse to admit that the victims were involved in militant activities.[100]

The CIA reportedly passed up three chances to kill militant leaders, including Sirajuddin Haqqani, with drone missiles in 2010 because women and children were nearby. The New America Foundation believes that between zero and 18 civilians have been killed in drone strikes since 23 August 2010 and that overall civilian casualties have decreased from 25% of the total in prior years to an estimated 6% in 2010. The Foundation estimates that between 277 and 435 non-combatants have died since 2004, out of 1,374 to 2,189 total deaths.[100]

According to a report of the Islamabad-based Conflict Monitoring Center (CMC), as of 2011, more than 2000 persons have been killed, and most of those deaths were civilians. The CMC termed the CIA drone strikes as an “assassination campaign turning out to be revenge campaign”, and showed that 2010 was the deadliest year so far as regards casualties resulting from drone attacks, with 134 strikes inflicting over 900 deaths.[101]

According to the Long War Journal, as of mid-2011, the drone strikes in Pakistan since 2006 had killed 2,018 militants and 138 civilians.[102] The New America Foundation stated in mid-2011 that since 2004 2,551 people have been killed in the strikes, with 80% of those militants. The Foundation stated that 95% of those killed in 2010 were militants.[14]

The Bureau of Investigative Journalism based on extensive research found in mid-2011 that at least 385 civilians were among the dead, including more than 160 children.[18]

The CIA has claimed that the strikes conducted between May 2010 and August 2011 killed over 600 militants and did not result in any civilian fatalities; this assessment has been criticized by Bill Roggio from the Long War Journal and other commentators as being unrealistic. Unnamed American officials who spoke to the New York Times claimed that, as of August 2011, the drone campaign had killed over 2,000 militants and approximately 50 noncombatants.[12]

An independent research site Pakistan Body Count run by Dr. Zeeshan-ul-hassan a Fulbright scholar keeping track of all the drone attacks claims that 2179 civilians were among the dead, out of which 12.4% were children and women .[103] A report by the Bureau of Investigative Journalism, released 4 February 2012, stated that from under the Obama administration (2008–2011) drone strikes killed between 282 and 535 civilians, including 60 children.[104]

The British human rights group Reprieve filed a case with the United Nations Human Rights Council, based on sworn affidavits by 18 family members of civilians killed in the attacks – many of them children. They are calling on the UNHRC “to condemn the attacks as illegal human rights violations.”[105]

A February 2012 Associated Press investigation found that militants were the main victims of drone strikes in North Waziristan contrary to the “widespread perception in Pakistan that civilians… are the principal victims.” The AP studied 10 drone strikes. Their reporters who spoke to about 80 villagers in North Waziristan were told that at least 194 people died in the ten attacks. According to the villagers 56 of those were either civilians or tribal police and 138 were militants, with 38 of the civilians dying in a single attack which took place on 17 March 2011. Villagers stated that one way to tell if civilians were killed was to observe how many funerals took place after a strike; the bodies of militants were usually taken elsewhere for burial, while civilians were usually buried immediately and locally.[106]

[edit]Timeline

[edit]2004–2007

  • 18 June 2004: The first known US drone strike killed 5–8 people including Nek Muhammad Wazir and two children, in a strike near WanaSouth Waziristan. Pakistan’s Army initially claimed the attack as its own work.[107][108]
  • 14 May 2005: 2 killed including Haitham al-Yemeni in a strike near the Afghan border in North Waziristan.[109]
  • 5 November 2005: a strike destroys the house of Abu Hamza Rabia killing his wife, three children and four others.[108][110]
  • 30 November 2005: Al-Qaeda‘s 3rd in command, Abu Hamza Rabia killed in an attack by CIA drones in Asoray, nearMiranshah, the capital of North Waziristan along with 4 other militants. Among the deaths are 8 year old Noor Aziz and 17-year old Abdul Wasit.[108][111]
  • 13 January 2006: Damadola airstrike kills 18 civilians, in Bajaur area but misses Ayman al-Zawahri, five women and five children are among the dead.[112]
  • 30 October 2006 Chenagai airstrike allegedly aimed at Ayman al-Zawahri destroys a madrassa in Bajaur area and kills 70–80 people. Pakistani military officials claim there were militants while provincial minister Siraj ul-Haq and a local eyewitness said they were innocent pupils resuming studies after the Muslim Eid holidays.[113]
  • 16 January 2007: Up to 30 Taliban killed in a drone strike in Salamat Keley, Zamazola, South Waziristan.[114]
  • 26 April 2007: 4 people killed in the village of Saidgi in North Waziristan. Habib Ullah the owner of the destroyed house, said those killed were not terrorists.[115]
  • 19 June 2007: 30 killed in the village of Mami Rogha in North Waziristan[116]
  • 2 November 2007: 5 killed in an attack on a madrasah in North Waziristan[117]

[edit]2008

  • 29 January 2008: Al-Qaeda’s Abu Laith al-Libi killed in a strike in North Waziristan along with 12–14 others, among the dead are two women and three children.[108][118][119]
  • 27 February 2008: 12 people killed in a strike near Kalosha village in South Waziristan.[120]
  • 16 March 2008: 16–20 people killed in a strike in South Waziristan[121][122]
  • 14 May 2008: 12–15 including Abu Sulayman Al-Jazairi killed near village of Damadola, Bajaur.[123][124]
  • 14 June 2008: US drones fired three missiles at a potential hideout of TTP leader Meshud, killing one person.[125]
  • 28 July 2008: Midhat Mursi and 5 other people killed in South Waziristan.[119]
  • 13 August 2008: US drone strike on a compound run by Gulbuddin Hekmatyar reportedly killed Taliban commander Abdul Rehman, reportedly along with Islam Wazir, three Turkmen, and several Arab fighters. Up to 25 militants were reportedly killed in this strike.[126]
  • 20 August 2008: US drones fire two missiles that hit a compound in South Waziristan, killing 8 militants.[127]
  • 30 August 2008: Missile strike on Al-Qaeda training camp in South Waziristan kills two militants carrying Canadian passports.[128]
  • 31 August 2008: US drones destroy a house in Tappi village in Miranshah, killing 6 people and injuring 8 including 1 woman and 1 child.[129]
  • 4 September 2008: US drones fired missiles at a house in Char Khel in North Waziristan killing 4 people.[130]
  • 5 September 2008: US drones fire three missiles, destroying a house which was potentially hosting Arab foreign fighters, killing at least six.[131]
  • 8 September 2008: 23 killed in Daande Darpkhel airstrike, near Miranshah, North Waziristan.[132]
  • 12 September 2008: The Miranshah airstrike kills 12 people and injures 14.[133]
  • 17 September 2008: US drone attack in Baghar Cheena region of South Waziristan kills 5 militants including Al Qaeda operative Abu Ubaydah al Tunisi.[134]
  • 23 September 2008 A US drone is reportedly shot down by Pakistani troops or local militia over a tribal area of Pakistan. US officials denied losing any aircraft.[135]
  • 30 September 2008: Six killed in a strike near Mir Ali, North Waziristan.[136]
  • 3 October 2008: Two drone attacks hours apart in Datta Khel region of North Waziristan kills 21 militants including 16 foreigners.[137]
  • 9 October 2008: US drone strike killed at least 6 militants including 3 Arabs in Tappi village near Miranshah, North Waziristan.[138]
  • 11 October 2008: US drone strike at a militant compound in North Waziristan kills 5 people and wounds 2 others.[139]
  • 16 October 2008: Senior Al-Qaeda leader Khalid Habib was killed in a strike near Taparghai, South Waziristan, along with five other Al Qaeda or Taliban members.[140][141]
  • 22 October 2008: 4 killed in a village near Miranshah by missiles fired from suspected US drone.[142]
  • 26 October 2008: 20 killed in a strike in South Waziristan.[143]
  • 31 October 2008: Two missiles fired by US drones kills 7 in Wana, South Waziristan.[144]
  • 31 October 2008: 20 killed including Al-Qaeda operative Abu Akash and Mohammad Hasan Khalil al-Hakim (alias Abu Jihad al-Masri) after 4 missiles hit Waziristan.[119][145]
  • 7 November 2008: US drones fire four missiles, killing up to 14 militants in Kumsham, North Waziristan.[146]
  • 14 November 2008: 12 killed in a strike near Miranshah.[147]
  • 19 November 2008: Abdullah Azam al-Saudi and 4 other militants are killed in Bannu district.[119]
  • 22 November 2008: British Al-Qaeda operative Rashid Rauf and 4 others including Abu Zubair al-Masri killed in a strike in North Waziristan.[119][148]
  • 29 November 2008: US drone strike on Miranshah, North Waziristan kills 3 people.[149]
  • 11 December 2008: US drone strike in Azam Warzak, South Waziristan, kills 7 militants.[150]
  • 15 December 2008: US drone strike in Tapi Tool region near Miram Shah, North Waziristan kills 2.[151]
  • 22 December 2008: At least 8 killed in South Waziristan by suspected US drone strike.[152]

[edit]2009

[edit]January to June

An MQ-9 Reaper landing in Afghanistan.

  • 1 January 2009: 2 senior al-Qaeda leaders Usama al-Kini andSheikh Ahmed Salim Swedan killed in a missile strike by U.S. drones.[119][153]
  • 2 January 2009: US drone strike in Ladha, South Waziristan kills 4 people.[154]
  • 23 January 2009: In the first attacks since Barack Obamabecame U.S. president, at least 14 killed in Waziristan in 2 separate attacks by 5 missiles fired from drones.[155]According to the London Sunday Times, 19 people, all civilians, were killed, including four children.[156]
  • 14 February 2009: More than 30 killed when two missiles are launched by drones near town of Makeen in South Waziristan.[157]
  • 16 February 2009: Strike in Kurram Valley kills 30, reportedly at a Taliban training camp for fighters preparing to combat coalition forces in Afghanistan.[128][158]
  • 1 March 2009: Strike in Sararogha village in South Waziristan kills 7 people.[159]
  • 12 March 2009: 24 killed in attack in Berju in Kurram Agency.[160]
  • 15 March 2009 4 killed in Jani Khel in Bannu district in North-West Frontier Province.[161]
  • 25 March 2009: 7 killed in attacks on 2 vehicles by two missiles in Makin area of South Waziristan at 6:30 pm.[162]
  • 26 March 2009: 4 killed in Essokhel area in North Waziristan.[163]
  • 1 April 2009: 14 killed in Orakzai Agency tribal area.[164]
  • 4 April 2009: 13 killed in North Waziristan.[165]
  • 8 April 2009: 4 killed in attack on a vehicle in Gangi Khel in South Waziristan.[166]
  • 19 April 2009: At least 3 killed and 5 injured in an attack in South Waziristan[167]
  • 29 April 2009: US drone strike in Kanni Garam village in South Waziristan kills 6 people.[168]
  • 9 May 2009: US drone strike in Sararogha in South Waziristan kills 6 people.[169]
  • 12 May 2009: US drone strike in Sra Khawra village in South Waziristan kills 8 people.[170]
  • 16 May 2009: US drone strike in village of Sarkai Naki in North Waziristan with multiple missiles kills 25–29 people.[74]According to later reports, the first missile killed a dozen Taliban preparing to cross the border into Afghanistan. At least two more missiles struck rescuers who came to their aid, killing more Taliban, but also six civilians as well.[104]
  • 14 June 2009: US drone strike on a vehicle in South Waziristan kills 5 people.[119]
  • 18 June 2009: Two US drone strikes in Shahalam village in South Waziristan kills at least 13 people.[171][172]
  • 23 June 2009: US drone strike in Neej Narai in South Waziristan kills at least 8 people.[173][174]
  • 23 June 2009: Makeen airstrike kills at least 80 but misses Baitullah Mehsud in the town of Makeen, many of which were attending the funerals of people killed in the air strikes earlier in the day.[175][176]

[edit]July to December

  • 3 July 2009: US Drone kills 17 people and injures a further 27.[177]
  • 7 July 2009: US drone strike in Zangarha in South Waziristan kills at least 12 people.[178]
  • 8 July 2009: US drone strike on a hideout in Karwan Manza area and on a vehicle convoy in South Waziristan kills at least 50 people.[179]
  • 10 July 2009: US drones take out a Taliban communication center killing between 5–8 militants in Painda Khel, South Waziristan.[180]
  • 17 July 2009: US drone strike on a house in North Waziristan kills 4 people.[181]
  • 5 August 2009: US drone strike in South Waziristan killed 12, including Baitullah Mehsud, his wife, and his wife’s parents.[182][183] The kill was confirmed after weeks of uncertainty over their fate.[184][185]
  • 11 August 2009: US drone strike in Ladha village, South Waziristan, kills 10.[186]
  • 21 August 2009: US drone strike on the village of Darpa Kheil, North Waziristan, reportedly targeting Sirajuddin Haqqani kills at least 21 people.[187][188][189]
  • 27 August 2009: US drone missile strike on the Tapar Ghai area in the Kanigram (Kanigoram) district in South Waziristan kills up to 8 people.[190][191] One of the dead was confirmed by the Taliban to be Tohir Yo‘ldosh (Tahir Yuldashev), leader of theIslamic Movement of Uzbekistan.[192][193]
  • 8 September 2009: US drone fired missiles kill 10 in North Waziristan.[194] The attack may have killed al Qaeda leaders Ilyas Kashmiri and Mustafa al Jaziri as well as three Punjabi militants and two or three local Taliban fighters.[195]
  • 14 September 2009: US drone fired missile kills four people in a car 1.5 miles (2.4 km) from Mir Ali in North Waziristan.[196]
  • 24 September 2009: US drone fired missile kills up to 12 people in the village of Dande Darpa Khel near Mir Ali.[197]
  • 29 September 2009: Two missile attacks take place. In the first, a drone attack reportedly killed six Taliban, including two Uzbek fighters and Taliban commander Irfan Mehsud, in a compound in Sararogha village, South Waziristan. In the second, a missile killed seven insurgents in a house in Dandey Darpakhel village, North Waziristan.[198]
  • 30 September 2009: US drones fire missiles at a Taliban compound and vehicle killing 8 in Novak, North Waziristan.[199]
  • 15 October 2009: US drone missile killed at least four people in North Waziristan.[200]
  • 21 October 2009: Alleged US drone missile killed two or three alleged militants in Spalaga, North Waziristan in territory controlled by Hafiz Gul Bahadur.[201] One of those killed was reportedly Abu Ayyub al-Masri (not the same as Abu Ayyub al-Masri, the Al-Qaeda in Iraq leader), an explosives expert for Al Qaeda and a “Tier 1” target of US counterterrorism operations.[202]
  • 24 October 2009: Alleged US drone strike killed 27, in Damadolla, inside Bajaur tribal agency.[203] The 27 victims were reportedly a mix of Taliban and Al Qaeda operatives engaged in a planning and strategy meeting. The dead apparently included 11 “foreigners”. One of those reported killed was Faqir Mohammed‘s nephew, Zahid and another was Mohammed’s unnamed son-in-law. The meeting was apparently being held to decide on whether to reinforce South Wazaristan against Pakistani forces, which Mohammed advocates, or exploit recent successes in the Nuristan and Kunar provinces of Afghanistan, which Al Qaeda wishes to do.[204]
  • 5 November 2009: 2 killed in Miranshah town in North Waziristan.[205]
  • 18 November 2009: 4 killed and 5 injured in Shanakhora village of North Waziristan, 12 miles (19 km) south of Miranshah.[206]
  • 20 November 2009: 8 killed in the Machikhel area near the town of Mir Ali.[207]
  • 8 December 2009: 3 killed in a car near Miranshah in North Waziristan, reportedly including 2 Al Qaeda members.[141][208]Senior Al qaeda planner Saleh al-Somali, from Somalia, is believed killed in this strike.[209]
  • 9 December 2009: Six killed in Tanga, Ladha, South Waziristan, reportedly consisting of four Al Qaeda and two Taliban members.[141]
  • 17 December 2009: 17 killed in 2 separate attacks in North Waziristan in an area controlled by Hafiz Gul Bahadur. In the first attack, two missiles hit a car near Dosali, killing two. In the second attack, 10 missiles fired by five drones hit two compounds in Ambarshaga, killing 15 people. Unnamed sources stated that seven of the dead were “foreigners.”[210][211] The attack was aimed at Sheikh Saeed al Saudi, Osama bin Laden‘s brother-in-law and a member of al Qaeda’s executive council, but al Saudi survived. The attack did kill Abdullah Said al Libi, the commander of, and Zuhaib al Zahibi, a commander in, the Lashkar al-Zil.[212]
  • 18 December 2009: 3 killed in an attack in Dattakhel region in North Waziristan.[213]
  • 26 December 2009: 13 killed in an attack in Saidgai village in North Waziristan[214]
  • 31 December 2009: Four killed in an attack in Machikhel village in North Waziristan. According to The Frontier Post, senior Taliban leader and strong Haqqani ally Haji Omar Khan, brother of Arif Khan, was killed in the strike along with the son of local tribal leader Karim Khan.[215]

[edit]2010

[edit]January to March

MQ-1L Predator UAV armed with AGM-114 Hellfire missile

  • 1 January 2010: Missile strike on a vehicle near Ghundikala village in North Waziristan kills 3.[216]
  • 3 January 2010: 5 people including 3 Arabs killed in an attack on Mosakki village in North Waziristan.[217]
  • 6 January 2010: 2 separate missile strikes one hour apart kill approximately 35 people in Sanzalai village, North Waziristan.[218]
  • 8 January 2010: Missile strike in Tappi village in North Waziristan killed 5 people. It is alleged that all the militants killed were local and were attached to Taliban Commander Hafiz Gul Bahadur.[219]
  • 9 January 2010: 4 killed and three injured when 2 missiles are fired on a compound in village Ismail Khan in North Waziristan, territory of the Haqqani network.[220][221] Mahmoud Mahdi Zeidan, bodyguard for al Qaeda leader Sayeed al-Masri, was reported killed in either the 8 or 9 January airstrike.[222] Jamal Saeed Abdul Rahim who was allegedly involved in hijacking of Pan Am Flight 73 in 1986 was also reported killed in this strike.[223]
  • 13 January 2010: Missile strike in Pasalkot village in a compound formerly used as a religious school in North Waziristan killed 15 people, among them 3 militant commanders. The apparent target of the strike was Hakimullah Mehsud, who reportedly left the compound before the attack occurred.[224][225]
  • 15 January 2010: Missile strike in Zanini village near Mir Ali in North Waziristan kills 3 people.[226]
  • 15 January 2010: Second missile strike of the day kills 6 in Bichi village in North Waziristan.[citation needed]
  • 17 January 2010: Missile strike in Shaktoi area of South Waziristan kills at least 20 people.[227] The leader of the Pakistani Taliban, Hakimullah Mehsud sustained injuries in this attack. It was initially believed he died but it was later learned that he survived.[228]
  • 19 January 2010: Two missiles fired at a compound and vehicle in Booya village of Datakhel sub-division, 35 km west ofMiranshah, in North Waziristan kills 9 people.[229][230]
  • 24 January 2010: A US drone crashes over North Waziristan, allegedly after being shot down by local tribesmen.[231]
  • 29 January 2010: 15 killed when drones fire 3 missiles on a compound belonging to Haqqani network in Muhammad Khel town in North Waziristan.[232][233]
  • 2 February 2010: Up to 8 US drones fired missiles at 4 different villages of North Waziristan killing at least 29 people.[234][235]
  • 14 February 2010: 5 killed in a strike near Mir Ali in North Waziristan.[236]
  • 15 February 2010: Abdul Haq al-Turkistani, leader of the Turkistani Islamic Party, is killed by a drone missile strike in North Waziristan.[237]
  • 17 February 2010: Three militants killed by a missile strike near Tapi, Miramshah, North Waziristan. One of those killed was reportedly Sheikh Mansoor, a commander in the Lashkar al Zil.[238]
  • 18 February 2010: 4 killed in a strike in Northwest Waziristan including Mohammed Haqqani, the brother of Afghan Taliban commander Siraj who leads the Haqqani network.[239][240] The missiles hit a vehicle belonging to Siraj that Mohammed was riding in, but Siraj was not in the vehicle at the time.[239] Mohammed and Siraj were reportedly attending the funeral of Sheikh Mansoor, who had been killed by a drone strike the day before.[238][239][240]
  • 24 February 2010: Missiles fired by a US drone killed at least 13 militants at a compound and at a vehicle in the Dargah Mandi area of North Waziristan. Among the dead include Bahadar Mansoor, head of Badar Mansoor group, and Rana Afzal, the man behind the FIA HQ bombing in Lahore. Mohammed Qari Zafar, the head of Lashkar-e-Jhangvi and the person responsible for the2002 and 2006 bombing of the U.S. consulate in Karachi was thought to be killed in this drone strike but it was later proved that he survived the attack.[241][242][243] Zafar died on 14 June 2010 when he accidentally touched some explosives which set them off killing him in the ensuing explosion in a guesthouse he was staying at in North Waziristan.[244]
  • 8 March 2010: Three missiles fired by US drone aircraft killed five militants and wounded three in Miranshah.[245] Hussein al-Yemeni (also called Sadam Hussein Al Hussami), an Al Qaeda terrorist who planned the Camp Chapman attack, died in this strike.[246]
  • 10 March 2010: Missiles fired from drones struck a compound and three vehicles in the village of Mizar Madakhel in North Waziristan. The attack killed at least 12 and as many as 21 militants. Five drones reportedly attacked in two waves. First, four missiles struck and demolished the compound. After local militants cordoned off the area and began recovering bodies, a second volley of missiles struck. Hafiz Gul Bahadar, a local Taliban leader and chief of the North Waziristan Shura, may have been killed in the strike.[247][248]
  • 16 March 2010: Eight to ten militants were killed in a US drone strike in North Waziristan’s Datakhel area. The militants were reportedly al Qaeda fighters, mainly Afghan, but included two officials from Syria and Egypt.[249]
  • 17 March 2010: Two US Drone strikes killed 9 militants. In the first attack, the drones fired five missiles at two vehicles, killing six militants. Late, drones fired 2 missiles at a compound in Datta Khel, killing 3 militants.[250]
  • 21 March 2010: US drone fires two missiles in the Datta Khel area of North Waziristan killing at least eight people and injuring several others.[251]
  • 23 March 2010: US drones fired two missiles on a militant vehicle parked outside a compound in the suburbs of Miranshah in North Waziristan. At least six militants were killed and three others were wounded.Roggio, Bill (23 March 2010). “US kills 6 in strike against Haqqani Network”Long War Journal. Retrieved 30 December 2011.
  • 27 March 2010: Drone strike in Mir Ali in North Waziristan kills 4 militants.[252]
  • 30 March 2010: US drone fired three missiles, killing 5–6 civilians and injure two, among the death are two women and one child.[253]

[edit]April to June

  • 12 April 2010: Missiles fired by a US drone kill 13 people in North Waziristan, village elders said all thirteen killed were civilians.[253]
  • 14 April 2010: US drone strike targeting a vehicle killed up to 4 people and injuring 4 others in Anbarshaga area of North Waziristan. All of the dead and injured were Arab militants.[254][255]
  • 16 April 2010: US drones fired at least 7 missiles which hit two vehicles and a house in the Toolkhel area near Miramshah in North Waziristan killing 6 people and injuring 5 others.[256]
  • 24 April 2010: US drones kill 7 militants in North Waziristan in the village of Marsi Khel near Miramshah.[257]
  • 26 April 2010: Three missiles from drones strike a compound in the Khushali Toorkhel area, about 25 km east of Miranshah, North Waziristan, killing four or five.[258][259]
  • 3 May 2010: 4 militants are killed in a drone strike in North Waziristan[260]
  • 9 May 2010: 10 militants are killed in a drone strike in North Waziristan[261]
  • 11 May 2010: At least 24 militants are killed in two separate US drone strikes in which the US fired up to 18 missiles. The first strike occurred when missiles struck cars, homes and tents in the Doga area of North Waziristan killing up to 14 militants. Hours later another pair of missiles hit a compound in the Gorwek area of North Waziristan killing another 10 suspected insurgents, including the brother of a reputed Taliban commander, Maulvi Kalam.[262][263]
  • 15 May 2010: At least 15 killed in Khyber Agency in the first such strike in this area.[264][265]
  • 21 May 2010: US drones fired two missiles on a compound used by Afghan warlord Hafiz Gul Bahadur and killed 10 people in Mohammad Khel, North Waziristan. Saeed al-Masri, the current 3rd in command of Al-Qaeda was killed in this strike along with his wife and 3 children.[266][267] Other dead in this strike include two foreign militants, one of whom was reportedly Filipino. Five women and two children were reported injured.[268]
  • 28 May 2010: US drone strike killed 11 militants and wounded three others in the Nazai Narai area of South Waziristan.[269]
  • 9 June 2010: US drone strike killed 3 people in North Waziristan.[270]
  • 10 June 2010: US drones fired 6 missiles on a housing compound near Miran Shah at the Afghan-Pakistan border, killing 15 alleged militants.[271]
  • 19 June 2010: US drone fired a missile striking a house in Haider Khel village near North Waziristan’s Mir Ali town killing 16 militants.[272] Al Qaeda leader Abu Ahmed Tarkash was among the dead.[273]
  • 26 June 2010:A US missile strike killed 7 militants in Pakistan’s tribal region near the Afghan border. The missile, fired by an unmanned drone, destroyed a house near Mir Ali in North Waziristan. One of the dead men was a foreigner.[274]
  • 29 June 2010: US drone fired two missiles hitting a house near in Wana, South Waziristan killing at least 8 militants, including Hamza al-Jufi an Egyptian member of Al Qaeda.[275]

[edit]July to September

  • 15 July 2010: A drone strike in North Waziristan killed 14 suspected militants in a region under the control of Hafiz Gul Bahadar.[276][277]
  • 24 July 2010: US drones fired at least five missiles at a militant compound in Dwasarak village, about 40 miles west of Wana, in South Waziristan killing 16 militants.[278]
  • 25 July 2010: US drones fired two missiles and hit a double-cabin pickup carrying militants in Shaktoi village in South Waziristan. Taliban sources said 14 militants were killed and two others were injured in the attack. The militants belonged to the Hakimullah Mehsud-led Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP).[citation needed]
  • 25 July 2010: US drones launched their second strike of the day when two missiles hit a house where some militants were having dinner in Landikhel village of Srarogha Tehsil in South Waziristan. Four militants that belonged to TTP were killed and five others sustained injuries.[citation needed]
  • 25 July 2010: US drones launched their unprecedented third strike on the same day when they fired two missiles at a house in Taipi village near Miran Shah, the main town in North Waziristan, killing 7 suspected militants.[citation needed]
  • 14 August 2010: US drone fired three missiles at a compound in Mir Ali, North Waziristan, killing at least 13 militants including Taliban commander, Amir Moaviya.[279][280]
  • 21 August 2010: A US drone strike near Miran Shah, North Waziristan, kills 6 militants.[281]
  • 23 August 2010: Missiles fired from US drones in North Waziristan kill 10 alleged militants and ten civilians. Four women and three children are among the dead.[253][282][100]
  • 27 August 2010: Missiles fired from US drones in the Kurram Agency hit 2 vehicle killing 5 suspected militants, the first such reported drone strike in the Kurram Agency.[283]
  • 3 September 2010: 2 separate drone strikes kill 12–15 suspected militants in North Waziristan.[284] The first strike was near Miramshah, killing six militants. The second strike was near Data Khel, targeting the home of Gul Adam, and killed nine militants. SAMAA TV reported that a local Taliban commander named Inayatullah was reportedly killed in the strike.[285]
  • 4 September 2010: US drones struck two vehicles in Datta Khel village in North Waziristan district and killed four suspected militants.[286]
  • 6 September 2010: A US drone strike in North Waziristan kills 5 suspected militants.[287]
  • 8 September 2010: US drones launch four separate attacks in a space of 24 hours. According to anonymous Pakistani intelligence officials: In the first attack, a house owned by Maulvi Azizullah, a member of the Haqqani network, in Dande Darpa Khel near Miranshah was struck killing at least 6 militants. In the second attack, drones fired missiles striking a car traveling a few miles from the border, killing four people associated with the Haqqani network. In the third attack, another house near the Miranshah area was struck killing another 4 militants. A few hours later US drones launched their fourth attack striking a compound outside Miranshah killing at least 6 militants and wounding 5 others. All told 24 militants have been killed in these 4 strikes.[288] The strikes targeted the Islamic Jihad Group, which was planning terrorist attacks in Europe. An Islamic Jihad commander, Qureshi, who was training German operatives, was killed in the missile attacks.[289]
  • 11 September 2010: A US drone strike on the house of Hafiz Gul Bahadur in North Waziristan kills 5 suspected militants.[citation needed]
  • 13 September 2010: A US drone fires two missiles at a house in Shawal, North Waziristan, reportedly killing 13 militants.[290][291]
  • 14 September 2010: A US drone strike kills 12 militants in Dargah Mandi near Miran Shah, North Waziristan. The numerous strikes in September are reportedly part of a campaign against the Haqqqni Network. The drone strikes in Pakistan against the network are meant to support concurrent special operations raids against the network’s fighters in Afghanistan.[292] Saifullah Haqqani, a military commander in Afghanistan and a cousin of Siraj Haqqani, was reportedly killed in this day’s strikes.[293]
  • 15 September 2010: In an ongoing unprecedented drone offensive, a drone strike kills 4 militants in North Waziristan, including Saifullah Haqqani, first cousin of Haqqani Network leader Sirajuddin Haqqani.[294]
  • 16 September 2010: US drones fired missiles at a house in Datakhel area, killing six militants.[295]
  • 19 September 2010: A US drone fires two missiles at a vehicle in Dehgan village, in the Datta Khel area, North Waziristan, killing four militants.[296]
  • 20 September 2010: US drones launch two strikes killing a total of 12 militants in North Waziristan, the first volley hit a vehicle in the Datakhel region killing 5, the second hit a house in Miran Shah killing 7.[297]
  • 21 September 2010: A US drone strike kills 16 militants in the South-North Waziristan border region, including Taliban commander Mullah Shamsullah.[298]
  • 25 September 2010: A US drone fired three missiles hitting a vehicle killing 4 militants in Datta Khel village of North Waziristan. Among the dead was Sheikh Fateh Al Misri, Al-Qaeda’s new 3rd in command.[299] Al Misri was planning a major terrorist attack in London, Paris or Berlin by recruiting British Muslims who would then go on a shooting rampage throughout these cities similar to what transpired in Mumbai in November 2008. The plan was thought to be its final stages and the stepped up drone campaign in September was done to disrupt and eliminate the key planners of this terrorist attack.[300]
  • 26 September 2010: US drones launch two strikes against militants killing 7. In the first strike, drone fired three missiles at a house in Lwara Mandi village in Datta Khel, killing 3 militants. Minutes later, a drone fired two missiles at a vehicle in the same area, killing 4 militants.[citation needed]
  • 27 September 2010: A US drone strike in Miran Shah, North Waziristan, kills 6 militants.[301]
  • 28 September 2010: US drone fired a missile at a compound Zeba village, west of Wana, South Waziristan killing 4 militants.[citation needed]

[edit]October to December

  • 2 October 2010: US drones launch two separate strikes killing 17 militants. In the first attack drones fired two missiles at a house in Datta Khel killing 9 militants including 4 foreigners. The dead were members of the Badar Mansur group, which is closely affiliated with Al Qaeda. Four hours later another strike occurred in the same area on a convoy of vehicles and a house killing another 8 militants.[302]
  • 4 October 2010: US drones strike a building near Mir Ali, North Waziristan, reportedly killing 8 suspected militants including 20 year-old German citizen Bünyamin E. and three other German nationals.[303][304] In May 2011, the German government announced that it would curb terrorist intelligence flow to the U.S. to make sure that it would not be used in targeted killings of German citizen.[305]
  • 6 October 2010: Two US drone strikes, one near Mir Ali and one near Miranshah, North Waziristan, kill a total of 11 militants.[306]
  • 7 October 2010: A US drone strike on a compound in North Waziristan kills at least four militants.[307]
  • 8 October 2010: US drone strikes by Miran Shah, North Waziristan, kill a total of six militants.[308]
  • 10 October 2010: A drone fires four missiles at a compound and two vehicles, killing seven militants in the Shewa district ofNorth Waziristan.[309]
  • 13 October 2010: Drone attacks kill 11 militants in the Datta Khel area of North Waziristan.[citation needed]
  • 15 October 2010: Two US drone strikes kill 13 suspected militants. The first drone strike killed six suspected militants in North Waziristan’s Machi Khel area. Officials said two missiles hit an alleged militant vehicle. Later this day the second drone strike killed 7 suspected militants in the Mir Ali area of North Waziristan.[310]
  • 18 October 2010: A drone strike in the Datta Khel area of North Waziristan kills 6 militants. The strike may have also killed the 10-year-old son of Naeem Ullah, who lived next door.[12]
  • 27 October 2010: Two US drone strikes 12 hours apart killed 7 militants. The first strike was on a house of militant Nasimullah Khan which killed 4 militants. The second strike was on a vehicle in Datta Khel kill which killed 3 militants.[citation needed]
  • 28 October 2010: A US drone strike in the Datta Khel area kills 7 militants.[311]
  • 1 November 2010: US-operated drones fired four missiles at a house in the Mir Ali District of North Wazaristan, killing five or six suspected militants.[312][313]
  • 3 November 2010: US drones launch three separate attacks killing 13 militants. In the first attack, drones fired two missiles at a vehicle in the Qutab Khel area of Miran Shah killing 5 Uzbek militants. In the second attack, missiles struck a house and a vehicle in Khaso Khel village, near Mir Ali, killing 4 militants. In the third attack, four missiles were fired hitting a vehicle in Pai Khel village in Datta Khel town, killing 4 militants.[314]
  • 7 November 2010: Two US drones strikes kill a total 13 or 14 militants in the Miran Shah area of North Waziristan. In the first attack, drones struck a house and a vehicle in the town of Ghulam Khan, north of Miran Shah killing 9 militants. The second attack occurred an hour later in which drones stuck several vehicles in the neighboring town of Datta Khel, killing 4 militants.[315]
  • 11 November 2010: A US drone strike kills 6 suspected militants in North Waziristan.[316] The militants were reportedly Haqqani Network fighters returning from operations in Khost Province, Afghanistan.[317]
  • 13 November 2010: A US drone strike kills five people in the village of Ahmad Khel in the Mir Ali area in North Waziristan.[318]
  • 16 November 2010: Four drone-fired missiles hit a house and vehicle in Bangi Dar village of North Waziristan, killing 15 to 20 people, including 5–9 civilians.[253][319]
  • 19 November 2010: One US drone strike kills 3 suspected militants in the region of North Waziristan.[320]
  • 21 November 2010: A US drone strike near Miran Shah, North Waziristan, kills 6 suspected militants.[321]
  • 22 November 2010: A US drone strike fired missiles at a car and a motorcycle in North Waziristan killing 5 alleged militants.[322]
  • 26 November 2010: A US drone strike fired missiles at a vehicle in North Waziristan killing 4 alleged militants.[323]
  • 28 November 2010: US drone missiles strike a vehicle in Hasan Khel village, around 30 kilometers east of Miranshah. Initial reports indicated the strike killed 3 or 4 militants.[324] Local officials, however, later reported that the suspected militants had survived the strike by fleeing the targeted vehicle after the first missile missed.[325]
  • 6 December 2010: A US drone strike in Khushali village, North Waziristan, kills 5 people. The strike may have also killed two noncombatants.[12]
  • 9 December 2010: At least four unknown people are killed by a US drone strike on a vehicle in Mir Ali, North Waziristanaccording to anonymous Pakistani intelligence officials who suspect that they are militants.[326]
  • 14 December 2010: At least four suspected militants were killed by a US drone strike on a vehicle in North Waziristan.[327][328][329]
  • 15 December 2010: US drone strike targeting a vehicle kills 7 suspected militants in Spin Drand area of Khyber according to anonymous Pakistani intelligence officials.[330]
  • 17 December 2010: At least 60 suspected militants were killed in 3 US drones strikes what is the highest death toll this year. According to security officials all the dead are suspected militants. – a claim that cannot be independently confirmed. The first strike occurred at a compound in Speen Drang where pro-Taliban militants from the Lashkar-e-Islam group were holding a meeting killing over 32. The second strike occurred in Nakai, Khyber hitting a compound killing around 15. The last strike occurred at yet another compound in Sangana, Khyber killing 6. According to unnamed official sources 39 of the killed belonged to Lashkar-e-Islam while 15 were Tehreek-i-Taliban Pakistan. Extremist commander Ibn Amin was also killed in these strikes. He was a Taliban commander for the Swat valley.[331][332]
  • 27 December 2010: Two US drone strikes near Mir Ali area of North Waziristan kill a total of 18 unknown people who were allegedly militants according to anonymous Pakistani intelligence officials.[333]
  • 28 December 2010: Two US drone strikes in Pakistan’s tribal region Tuesday kill 17 people. The drones fired two missiles on a suspected militant hideout in the area of Ghulam Khan. Later, a suspected drone circled around the blast site and fired two more missiles. Six people were killed. The second attack was on a vehicle in the same area, killing four more people.[334][335]
  • 31 December 2010: US drone missile strike kills 8 people near the town of Ghulam Khan in the North Waziristan tribal agency according to Pakistani security officials who suspect that they are militants.[336]

The Human Rights Commission of Pakistan claimed that at over 900 people were killed in US drone attacks in Pakistan’s tribal areas in 2010.[337]

[edit]2011

[edit]January to April

  • 1 January 2011: US drones launched 3 separate strikes killing 18 people. In the first strike, drones struck a vehicle and a suspected militant compound in Mandi Khel, near Mir Ali, North Waziristan killing 9 people who are believed to be militants according to anonymous Pakistani intelligence officials. In the second strike, drones killed 5 alleged Taliban insurgents. In the last strike, a vehicle was struck in Boya village, in Datta Khel, North Waziristan killing 4 people.[338]
  • 12 January 2011: US drones fired 4 missile at a compound in Haiderkhel village near the town of Mir Ali in North Waziristan killing 6 people.[339][340]
  • 18 January 2011: A US drone strike kills at least five militants in North Waziristan according to anonymous Pakistani security officials.[341]
  • 23 January 2011: According to anonymous Pakistani security officials, Three drone strikes killed around 13 suspected militants in North Waziristan. In the first strike, two missiles hit a vehicle and a house in Doga Mada Khel village, killing four people. Hours later, another drone fired two more missiles, killing two people riding a motorcycle in the same village. In the third strike, a militant compound was struck at Mando Khel, 60 km south of Miram Shah near Razmak, North Waziristan killing 6 people.[342] The same day around 2,000 tribesmen held a protest in Mir Ali, demanding an end to the drone strikes, saying they killed innocent civilians.[343]
  • 21 February 2011: Anonymous Pakistani intelligence officials announced that three drone-fired missiles demolished a house in the village of Kaza Panga, Azam Warsak district, South Waziristan killing seven suspected militants, including several Arabs and Turkmen.[344] One of those killed was reported by Pakistani officials to be an Iraqi Al-qaeda finance coordinator named Abu Zaid al-Iraqi.[345][346] Later that day, four missiles struck a house being used as a base by Taliban in the village of Spalga near Miran Shah in North Waziristan, killing eight suspected militants.[347]
  • 24 February 2011: Two separate strikes by drones kill 6 in North Waziristan.[348]
  • 8 March 2011: Drone strike in Landidog village in South Waziristan kills 5 militants according to Pakistani officials.[349]
  • 11 March 2011: 5 suspected militants killed in Ghorsaka area near Miranshah in North Waziristan.[350]
  • 13 March 2011: 2 missiles kill at least 6 people believed to be militants in Azam Warsak area of South Waziristan.[351]
  • 14 March 2011: 6 alleged militants killed near Miranshah in North Waziristan.[352] Later in the day, another missile hit a vehicle near the Afghan border in Malik Jashdar in North Waziristan, killing three suspected militants.[353]
  • 16 March 2011: Unnamed Pakistani intelligence officials told AFP that a strike in Dattakhel in North Waziristan kills 5 militants. They also said that they do not know the identities of those killed in the strike.[354][355][356]
  • 17 March 2011: Forty-eight are killed and 50 wounded when several missiles fired from American drone aircraft hit a location inDatta Khel airstrike in North Waziristan. Those killed were mostly civilians involved in a jirga or dispute resolution council discussing a claim to a local chromite mine. Also killed were 12 Taliban helping adjudicate the meeting. Sherabat Khan Wazir, a top commander of Hafiz Gul Bahadur‘s Taliban faction, was killed in the strike, and in response Bahadur threatened to end the peace deal struck with the Pakistani government almost four years earlier. Ashfaq Parvez Kayani said that the attack was a “complete violation of human rights” and that there were children under the death.[14][212][357][358][359][360] Pakistani officials said the strike will intensify protests throughout Pakistan over the release of CIA contractor Raymond Davis.[357] The Punjab Assembly unanimously passed a resolution condemning the strike and demanded that the national government take a clearer stance on the issue.[361] Parliamentarian Marvi Memon demanded to declare war on the United States. She suggested to order defence forces to launch a counter attack and said that it was the responsibility of the Pakistani government to protect its citizens.[362]
  • 13 April 2011: Two drones fired seven missiles in South Waziristan and killed six people.[363] Reports conflicted on the intended target. One report indicated that the attacks targeted members of a pro-army group led by Maulvi Nazir although the deceased were said to be ordinary tribesmen unaffiliated with Nazir.[364] The AFP reported that the six dead were all Afghans and members of the Haqqani network.[365] Pakistan strongly condemned the attack and lodged a strong protest with US Ambassador Cameron Munter. The Foreign Ministry in Islamabad stated: “We have repeatedly said that such attacks are counterproductive and only contribute to strengthen the hands of the terrorists.”[366] Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani said that Pakistan was also seeking the intervention of friendly countries to get the U.S. to stop the drone attacks.[367] An unnamed American government source stated that the CIA had no plans on stopping “operations” against terrorist suspects in Pakistan, saying, “Panetta has been clear with his Pakistani counterparts that his fundamental responsibility is to protect the American people, and he will not halt operations that support that objective”.[368]
  • 21 April 2011: At least 25 people, including 4 women and 5 children, were killed and about 10 other wounded in drone attacks in the Mir Ali area of North Waziristan. The target was a compound of houses belonging to the Hafiz Gul Bahadur group, a pro-army group in the tribal area. The women and children were in nearby houses.[369][370][371] Days before the strike US Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman Admiral Mike Mullen clearly stated that North Waziristan is the hot bed for terrorists and accused Pakistan of not doing enough to combat militants.[372][373] The Pakistani army rejected this as “negative propaganda” and Chief of Army Staff general Ashfaq Parvez Kayani said: “In the war against terrorism, our officers and soldiers have made great sacrifices and have achieved tremendous success. The terrorists’ backbone has been broken and Inshallah (God willing) we will soon prevail.”[374] The day after the attack Pakistan stopped the U.S. from using Shamsi Air Base in Pakistan’s Balochistan Province to fly drones. A senior military official told NBC News, “Yes, I can confirm that Shamsi Air Base is no more under the use of Americans and the 150 Americans previously stationed there are now gone.” The base had been used for some time by the U.S to launch unmanned Predator drones against terrorist targets.[375]

[edit]May to August

  • 6 May 2011: 12–15 people killed and several injured at Dua Toi in the Datta Khel area 30 miles west of Miram Shah, North Waziristan in the first such attack since the killing of Osama Bin Laden.[376] An unnamed Pakistani official said the missiles hit a car and a compound belonging to Hafiz Gul Bahadar, and that four of those killed were “foreigners”.[377] British and Pakistani journalists report that, in addition to 12 militants, the strike killed six civilians.[12]
  • 10 May 2011: 4 suspected militants killed in an attack near Angoor Adda village in South Waziristan.[378] Two missiles hit a vehicle in village, wounding four others in addition to those killed. An unnamed Pakistani official said three of those killed were “Arabs”. The area hit is under the control of Mullah Nazir.[379]
  • 12 May 2011: 5–8 suspected militants killed when a US drone fired two missiles into a vehicle in Pakistan’s tribal district of North Waziristan. Pakistani officials stated that some of those killed were “foreigners”.[380][381]
  • 13 May 2011: 5 killed when at least 4 missiles strike a vehicle in Doga Madakhel village of North Waziristan.[382]
  • 16 May 2011: 2 strikes in Mir Ali in North Waziristan kill 10 suspected militants.[383]
  • 20 May 2011: 2 missiles fired by drones kill 6 people in North Waziristan.[384]
  • 23 May 2011: Drone strike on a vehicle on the outskirts of Mir Ali in North Waziristan kills 7 suspected militants.[385]
  • 3 June 2011: Drone strike in Ghwakhwa area of South Waziristan kills 9 militants.[386] Top ranking Al-qaeda militant Ilyas Kashmiri is reported killed.[387]
  • 6 June 2011: Three drone strikes kill 16–21 people. Unnamed Pakistani intelligence officials claimed that they were suspected militants. Other witnesses said that some were “Arabs” and seven were civilians. CNN could not independently confirm the identities of the people killed.[388][389]
  • 8 June 2011: Five missiles strike a militant compound in Zoi (or Zoynarai) village in Shawal region of North Waziristan, near the border with South Waziristan, killing 15–23 suspected militants. Senior unnamed Pakistani officials as well as local officials confirmed the strike.[390][391][392] In response to a series of strikes against their group a spokesman for Taliban leader Maulvi Nazir announced that his group would send more people into Afghanistan to fight U.S. forces as they had no capability to shoot down drones over South Waziristan.[393]
  • 15 June 2011: Two strikes by drones in South Waziristan and one in North Waziristan kill 15 suspected militants according to Pakistani intelligence officials.[394] The strike near Wana in South Waziristan reportedly killed 10 fighters from Mullah Nazir’s army. In the other strike, near Miranshah in North Waziristan, 5–6 civilians were killed in a car. Later residents blocked roads with the coffins of the dead to protest the killing of civilians.[253]
  • 20 June 2011: Three strikes kill 15–17 the Kurram tribal area. Those killed were mostly alleged millitants but 2–7 civilians were also among the dead.[253][395][396]
  • 27 June 2011: Missile strikes from two US drones killed at least 21 suspected militants in Pakistan’s South Waziristan on Monday, Pakistani officials said. The first strike against a moving vehicle in Ghalmandi Panga village reportedly killed eight suspected militants. The second strike a few hours later reportedly hit a militant training center in Mantoi, killing 13 suspected militants according to an intelligence official who declined to be identified.[397]
  • 5 July 2011: Four killed and 5 injured in a strike on a militant hideout near Mir Ali in North Waziristan.[398][399] According to two local TV station in Pakistan based on unnamed official sources, Saif Ullah, an Australian and al Qaeda supporter, was killed in the strike. However, there is no official confirmation for his death.[400][401]
  • 11 July 2011: Drone strikes near Gorvak village in North Waziristan kill 12 suspected militants according to Pakistani Intelligence officials.[402] Over the next 24 hours several more attacks lead to the death of 45–61 suspected militants. The strikes sparked panic among people in the area and the death toll is the second highest since the beginning of the airstrikes.[403][404][405]
  • 12 July 2011: 23 suspected militants were killed in South Waziristan, followed by a drone strike on a vehicle in North Waziristan, resulting in the deaths of 7 suspected militants, bringing the total death toll to 30.[406]
  • 21 July 2011: 4 people were reportedly killed in a strike in Khushali Toori Khel area of North Waziristan.[407]
  • 1 August 2011: 4–6 alleged militants are killed and at least seven other people are injured when two vehicles are hit by two drone-launched missiles near Azam Warsak, 15 kilometers west of Wana, South Waziristan.[408][409][410] According to theLong War Journal, that area is controlled by Taliban leader Maulvi Nazir.[411]
  • 10 August 2011: Two drone-launched missiles hit a house 3 km east of Miran Shah, North Waziristan, killing 21 militants, 14 of whom were members of the Haqqani Network. The rest of those killed were Arabs and Uzbeks, according to unnamed Pakistani intelligence officials who were not authorized to speak to the media.[412][413]
  • 15 August 2011: According to unnamed Pakistani officials 4 suspected militants were killed near Miranshah after 2 missiles fired by Drones. The identity of those killed is unclear.[414]
  • 19 August 2011: Four suspected militants killed in suspected drone attack in Sheen Warsik in South Waziristan according to Pakistani officials.[415]
  • 22 August 2011: According to unnamed Pakistani officials a suspected U.S. drone strike in North Waziristan killed 4 suspected militants[416] including Al-Qaeda’s second in command Atiyah Abd al-Rahman.[417]

[edit]September to December

  • 4 September 2011: 7 suspected militants killed in a drone strike in North Wazirstan.[418]
  • 11 September 2011: Abu Hafs al Shari, Al-Qaeda’s operational chief and the replacement for Atiyah Abdel Rahman, was killed along with 3 other militants by a US drone strike[419][420][421][422] on a vehicle and compound in Hisokhel in the Mir Ali area of North Waziristan.[423]
  • 12 September 2011: Two militants killed in a drone strike on their vehicle in the Esokhel area of North Waziristan. One of the dead was reported to be Hafeezulla, a commander in the Haqqani network.[424] In another strike the same day three people were killed in an attack on a house near Mir Ali.[425]
  • 23 September 2011: 6 Haqqani network insurgents, including 4 Central Asians, were killed in a drone strike on a house in North Waziristan.[426]
  • 27 September 2011: 3 people are killed in a strike on a house in Azam Warzak, South Waziristan. Unnamed security officials who were not authorized to talk with reporters said they were militants while other sources said the militants escaped.[427] The village is in the territory of Taliban leader Mullah Nazir and reportedly, according to the Long War Journal, serves as a transit point for insurgent fighters into and out of Afghanistan.[428]
  • 30 September 2011: 3 suspected militants killed in a strike Baghar Cheena area of South Waziristan.[429]
  • 13 October 2011: Two separate drone strikes killed a total of seven suspected militants in Waziristan. The first strike in Dande Darpa Khel village in North Waziristan killed four including Jan Baz Zadran, a logistics commander for the Haqqani network. The second strike killed three suspected militants in the town of Angoor Adda in South Waziristan who were launching rockets into Afghanistan.[430][431][432] The widow of Abu Miqdad al Masri, a member of al-Qaida’s Shura Majlis, or executive council, later stated that he, along with their two sons Al Miqdad Rafie Mustafa and Khalid Rafie Mustafa, were killed in a drone strike on or around this date.[433]
  • 26 October 2011: A US drone strike in South Waziristan killed 13–22 militants, including Taj Gul Mehsud, a close aid to the TTP.[434]
  • 27 October 2011: A US drone strike targeted Maulvi Nazir‘s faction of the Taliban in the Warsak area of South Waziristan. Four, including Nazir’s younger brother, were killed.[435][436]
  • 27 October 2011: In a separate attack, a drone fired missiles into an alleged militant hideout near the North Waziristan town of Mir Ali, killing six men.[437]
  • 30 October 2011: Suspected US drones fired six missiles at a vehicle in the Datta Khel area of North Waziristan, killing six alleged militants.[438]
  • 31 October 2011: Three people including two boys, Tariq Aziz and his 12-year old cousin Waheed Khan were killed in a US drone strike in the Miranshah area North Waziristan. Prior his dead 16-year old Tariq Aziz had helped the Bureau of Investigative Journalism document civilian casualties caused by drone strikes. Human rights lawyer Clive Stafford Smith said: “I met this lad Tariq last week, and he was no more a terrorist than my mother.”[439][440][441]
  • 3 November 2011: Three men, suspected as being Haqqani network militants, killed in North Waziristan.[442]
  • 15 November 2011: 6 or 7 suspected militants were killed when a drone fired two missiles on a suspected militant compound in Miranshah Bazaar, part of the town of Miranshah, North Waziristan.[443]
  • 16 November 2011: 16 people, at least two of whom were TTP militants, were killed after about six missiles from drones targeted a compound in the Babar area of Sararogha Tehsil, South Waziristan.[444]
  • 17 November 2011: 6 suspected militants killed in a strike near Razmak in North Waziristan.[445]

[edit]2012

  • 10 January 2012: US drone strike near Miran Shah killed four militants including three Arabs according to Pakistani intelligence officials. An US official who spoke on the condition of anonymity told Reuters they believe the attack have killed Aslam Awan, also known as Abdullah Khorasani, who has been described as a senior operations organiser for al Qaeda. Pakistani officials could not confirm that Awan was killed.[446][447][448][449]
  • 11 January 2012: According to unnamed Pakistani intelligence officials a US drone fired two missiles at two vehicles driving towards the Afghan border in the Dogga area of North Waziristan killing between 6 to 8 people. Other Pakistani intelligence officials who spoke on condition of anonymity said that intercepted militant radio communications indicated that the leader of the Pakistani Taliban, Hakimullah Mehsud may have been killed in this drone strike. The Taliban denied that.[450][451][452] Later reports indicated that Aslam Awan, a deputy to the leader of al Qaeda’s external operations network, was killed in the strike.[453]
  • 23 January 2012: According to senior security official speaking to Agence France-Presse on condition of anonymity: A drone strike kills four militants, reportedly from Turkmenistan, in a vehicle in Degan near Miramshah, North Waziristan.[454]
  • 8 February 2012: According to unnamed Pakistani security officials, two US Drone strikes within 24 hours killed around 14 militants and their family members. In the first strike, drones fired a pair of missiles at a compound in the town of Tappi near Miranshah killing 10 Haqqani Network and Central Asian fighters. In the second strike, the drone fired a pair of missiles at a compound in Miranshah, killing Badr Mansoor, who was the al-Qaeda chief for Pakistan along with his wife and 2 children. Al Qaeda later confirmed Mansoor’s death.[455]
  • 16 February 2012: Two separate US drone strikes killed at least 21 suspected militants. In the first attack, US drones fired missiles at a compound in the town of Spalga near Miranshah, killing at least 5 suspected militants and wounded several others. In the second attack, US drone struck a convoy of vehicles near Mir Ali, about 25 kilometers east of Miranshah, killing at least 15 “Uzbek militants”, according to unknown officials. There is no way of getting independent confirmation of the figures as reporters are prevented by the authorities from travelling to the region.[456][457]
  • 25 February 2012: According to Pakistani officials, a US drone crashed in the Machikhel area about 20 miles east of Miranshah, North Waziristan. According to the officials, Taliban militants recovered equipment from the crashed drone.[458]
  • 9 March 2012: According to Pakistani officials, drone missiles killed 12–13 suspected militants in Makeen in the Mandao district of South Waziristan. According to The Long War Journal, the Makeen area is under the control of Hakeemullah Mehsud, the leader of the Movement of the Taliban in Pakistan.[459][460] Later reports indicated that Samir H., a German jihadist, was killed in this strike.[461]
  • 13 March 2012: Two separate drone attacks occurred in the Waziristan region. The first, in the Drey Nishtar area of South Waziristan along the Afghan border, targeted fighters under Maulvi Nazir who were traveling in a vehicle and killed 8 suspected militants, including local commanders Amir Hamza, Shamsullah and Qari Haleemullah. The second attack happened in the Sara Khawra/Shawal area straddling the border between North and South Waziristan. 7 suspected militants in a vehicle died in that attack.[462][463][464]
  • 29 March 2012: According to unnamed Pakistani officials, US drones fired a missile at a house in Miranshah, North Waziristan killing 4 militants and wounding 2 others. The strike occurred in the money changers market in the Miranshah commercial district.[465]
  • 29 April 2012: US drones fired missiles at an abandoned girls school in Miranshah, North Waziristan killing 4 suspected militants and wounding 3 others. A local resident, Haji Niamat Khan, said more than two dozen militants were living in the school when it was attacked.[466] It may be that Abu Usman Adil, emir of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan, was killed in this strike as the group announced in August that he had died in an April drone strike.[467][468]
  • 4 May 2012: Four to eight drone-launched missiles hit a compound in the village of Darr-e-Nishtar in the Shawal Valley in North Waziristan, killing eight to ten suspected militants and wounding one.[469]
  • 23 May 2012: A US drone strike has killed at least four suspected militants in the North Waziristan tribal area, unnamed Pakistani security officials say, in an area known to be a stronghold of al-Qaeda and the Taliban.[470]
  • 24 May 2012: A US drone strike has killed at least eight people in a volatile tribal area of north-west Pakistan, officials say.[471]
  • 26 May 2012: According to unnamed officials, four to eight drone-launched missiles hit a compound in the village of Darr-e-Nishtar in the Shawal Valley in North Waziristan, killing at least four people. Pakistani officials said those killed were suspected militants, but this has not been independently verified.[472]
  • 28 May 2012: A US drone strike has killed at least six people in north-west Pakistan, officials say, the latest in a barrage of strikes on a restive tribal region.[473]
  • 29 May 2012: Twelve people were killed and five others injured in two separate US drone attacks in Mir Ali and Dattakhel areas of the North Waziristan tribal region.[474]
  • 2 June 2012: Pakistani security official speaking on condition of anonymity said, a US drone strike targeting a vehicle in Pakistan’s northwestern tribal belt killed at least four suspected militants.[475]
  • 3 June 2012: Ten suspected militants are killed when a US drone fires four missiles at a gathering in the village of Mana Raghza mourning the death of an insurgent killed in a drone strike the previous day.[476]
  • 4 June 2012: Sixteen people were killed and two injured when US drones attacked a house and a vehicle suspected of carrying militants in Mir Ali in North Waziristan.[477][478] Unnamed US and Pakistani officials stated that Al-Qaeda second in commandAbu Yahya al-Libi was killed in the strike.[479][480] Unnamed American officials said Abu Yahya al-Libi was the sole casualty of the strike however Pakistani officials said 16 people were killed in the strike.[481]
  • 13-14 June 2012:Two drone strikes within 24-hours in North Waziristan. The first killed four suspected militants in a vehicle in the village of Isha near Miramshah. The second strike killed three suspected militants in a building in Miramshah.[482]
  • 26 June 2012: A drone strike killed 5 and wounded 3 in a compound in the Shawal Valley of North Waziristan.[483]
  • 1 July 2012: According to unnamed Pakistani officials who spoke on condition of anonymity, drone-launched missiles strike a compound in the Shawal Valley of North Waziristan, killed eight militants from the Turkistan Islamic Party and loyalists of Hafiz Gul Bahadar.[484]
  • 6 July 2012: US drones fired six missiles at a compound near Miranshah killing up to 19 suspected militants. Pakistani officials stated that most of the killed were foreigners.[485]
  • 23 July 2012: Eight drone-fired missiles strike a compound in the village of Dre Nishtar in the Shawal Valley of North Waziristan, killing 12 suspected militants. According to the Long War Journal reportedly loyal to Hafiz Gul Bahadar including a local Taliban commander.[486]
  • 29 July 2012: According to an unnamed security official, six drone-fired missiles hit a compound and vehicle in Khushhali Turikhel near Mir Ali, North Waziristan, killing six to seven Uzbek militants.[487]

[edit]See also

[edit]References

  1. a b Miller, Greg; Tate, Julie (1 September 2011). “CIA shifts focus to killing targets”Washington Post. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
  2. a b c “The Year of the Drone: An Analysis of U.S. Drone Strikes in Pakistan, 2004–2012”. New America Foundation. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
  3. a b http://www.thebureauinvestigates.com/2012/07/02/june-update-us-covert-actions-in-pakistan-yemen-and-somalia/
  4. a b Ghosh, Bobby; Thompson, Mark (1 June 2009). “The CIA’s Silent War in Pakistan”TIME. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
  5. ^ Miller, Greg (27 December 2011). “Under Obama, an emerging global apparatus for drone killing”Washington Post. Retrieved 8 May 2012.
  6. ^ De Luce, Dan (20 July 2009). “No let-up in US drone war in Pakistan”. AFP. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
  7. ^ Bergen, Peter; Tiedemann, Katherine (3 June 2009). “The Drone War”. New America Foundation. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
  8. ^ Mazzetti, Mark; Mekhennet, Souad (11 December 2009).“Qaeda Planner in Pakistan Killed by Drone”New York Times. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
  9. ^ Hodge, Amanda (19 February 2009). “Pakistan allowing CIA to use airbase for drone strikes”Australian. Retrieved 6 December 2011.
  10. ^ Allbritton, Chris (20 May 2011). “Pakistan army chief sought more drone coverage in ’08: Wikileaks”Reuters. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
  11. ^ “‘F-16 jets knock down CIA drones'”Hindustan Times. 23 April 2011. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
  12. a b c d e f Shane, Scott (11 August 2011). “C.I.A. Is Disputed on Civilian Toll in Drone Strikes”New York Times. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
  13. a b Byman, Daniel (14 July 2009). “Do Targeted Killings Work?”. Brookings Institution. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
  14. a b c d “Out of the blue”The Economist. 30 July 2011. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
  15. a b Sherazi, Zahir Shah (9 March 2011). “Most of those killed in drone attacks were terrorists: military”Dawn. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
  16. a b Woods, Chris; Lamb, Christina (4 February 2012).“Obama terror drones: CIA tactics in Pakistan include targeting rescuers and funerals”Bureau of Investigative Journalism. Retrieved 7 February 2012.
  17. ^ Woods, Chris (11 August 2011). “Over 160 children reported among drone deaths”Bureau of Investigative Journalism. Retrieved 27 December 2011.
  18. a b Woods, Chris (10 August 2011). “Drone War Exposed – the complete picture of CIA strikes in Pakistan”Bureau of Investigative Journalism. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
  19. ^ Elias-Sanborn, Barbara (2 February 2012). “The Pakistani Taliban’s Coming Divide”Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 13 March 2012.
  20. ^ CIA has suspended drone attacks in Pakistan, U.S. officials say
  21. ^ “Pak forces take control of Shamsi airbase”IBNLive. 10 Dec 2011.
  22. ^ 2 U.S. Airstrikes Offer a Concrete Sign of Obama’s Pakistan PolicyThe Washington Post,-01-24
  23. ^ U.S. Officials: Al-Qaida Leadership Cadre ‘Decimated’,NPR, 15 February 2009
  24. ^ Death from above: how Predator is taking its toll on al-QaedaThe Times, 3 January 2009
  25. ^ Drone strikes killed high-value targets, US tells Pakistan,Dawn (newspaper), 9 February 2009
  26. ^ Obama Widens Missile Strikes Inside PakistanThe New York Times, 21 February 2009
  27. ^ Panetta indicates strikes will continue in Pakistan,International Herald Tribune, 26 February 2009
  28. ^ U.S. takes fight to Taliban leaderThe Washington Times, 4 March 2009
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  476. ^ “[6]“, The Guardian, 3 June 2012.
  477. ^ “[7]“, Xinhua, 4 June 2012.
  478. ^ “Senior al-Qaeda chief ‘targeted in US drone strike'”The Daily Telegraph. 5 June 2012.
  479. ^ “[8]“, New York Times, 5 June 2012.
  480. ^ Roggio, Bill, “Abu Yahya al Libi killed in latest drone strike, US officials say“, Long War Journal, 5 June 2012; retrieved 6 June 2012
  481. ^ Dilanian, Ken, “Congress Zooms In On Drone Killings”,Los Angeles Times, 25 June 2012, p. 1
  482. ^ Roggio, Bill, “[http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2012/06/us_drones_strike_in_1.phpUS drones strike in Miramshah’s bazaar, kill 3 militants]”,Long War Journal, 14 June 2012; retrieved 14 June 2012
  483. ^ Roggio, Bill, “US drone strike kills 5 ‘militants’ in North Waziristan“, Long War Journal, 26 June 2012, retrieved 2 July 2012
  484. ^ Roggio, Bill, “US drones strike again in the Shawal Valley“, Long War Journal, 2 July 2012, retrieved 2 July 2012
  485. ^ “Suspected US Drone Strike Kills 19 in Pakistan”, Voice of America, 6 July 2012
  486. ^ Roggio, Bill, “[http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2012/07/us_drone_strike_kill_9.phpUS drone strike kills 12 ‘militants’ in North Waziristan]”, Long War Journal, 23 July 2012
  487. ^ Roggio, Bill, “6 Uzbeks killed in North Waziristan drone strike“, Long War Journal, 29 July 2012

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U.S. military strikes in FATA and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (Pakistan)
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About ottwf

The capitalistic and imperialistic system and its systematic aims: profit and power over others, still dominates our world and not the aims of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as 1948 agreed! After the world-economic-crisis after 1929 and the following World-War the world hat decided with agreeing the Universal Declaration of Human rights, to create a new world order; conflicts should be solved with peaceful means, not nations and their power, but the dignity of human beings around the world should be the aim of the policies and the economy, of every state and the community of states. But soon after the end of the war, when the victims and destruction were forgotten, all continued as before, with all risks, we had seen before. The split in rich an poor is getting bigger and bigger. We also overuse our global environment already, even if the big majority of mankind still lives in poverty! We are not victims, this world is men-made and be changed from men and women! It will be possible, if those, who do not want or serve (because of system-pressure) profits first, but want for themselves and everybody a life in human dignity unite and develop in a global base-democratic movement a common vision for our world, and learn, how to make this vision real. We need for it a big empowerment of many, many common men and women and their activities. Our chances are because of new communication technologies, of common languages, of the level of education and the mixture of people from different backgrounds better then ever. The occupy-movement is a good start for such a global movement. We support it and try to contribute to its success! We choose news and make comments and so try to unite people for an Occupy-Think-Tank: Its tasks: creating a news-network, self-education, working on global-reform programs and learning to organize projects for those, who are suffering. Join us, so that we can build teams for these aims for all subjects and countries as a base for the unification. We have Wan(n)Fried(en) in our name, because it means When peace and it is a modification of the name of the town our base is, in Wanfried, a small town in the middle of Germany, where we can use a former factory for our activities. Our telefon: 0049-5655-924981, mobil: 0171-9132149, email: occupy-think-tank@gmx.de
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